A mustard stain - of those that fall almost by karma when teeth to a burger overflowing of filling - would not have to mark the end of your shirt, blouse or favorite enterite.But it could be the beginning of that end, which will lead to the garment ending in the garbage tacho or at the base of the broom, such as the most sophisticated trapero that can be had.
It happens that the spots, no matter how catastrophic they may seem, can have a solution.What has no arrangement is a bad process of washing and drying of clothes.That can mean the deterioration of cotton, fabric or synthetic material from which the garment is made, to the point that it can be broken and/or burned from the dryer.
It is curious: technology advances by accelerated steps and is a commercial battlefield for brands that seek to create the best automated machines that simplify us life.Thus the washing machines appeared, so that we stop "wasting time" washing by hand;the centrifugator, so that we do not have to be squeezing and taking out our brains in the attempt to eliminate all the water absorbed by clothing;And the dryer, so that we do not depend on the weather or suffer from the spaces needed to hang the washed load.They even manage to make three devices in one, and you don't have to put three moles in the small lodge.
But no matter how much progress in the matter, there is still no technology that releases the human from all responsibility in washing and drying of their underpants and pilchas.As much as we try to deny ourselves, if we want to get a drying that does not imply ending the cotton t -shirt as the next gift for the newborn nephew, we must accept that washing and drying the clothes is not as simple as it seems.It's not just putting it in the machine, pressing a few buttons and voila.Less when autumn looks more and more to winter and soon we have the rain havoc.
Luckily, here we have the support of two women dedicated to the Lavaseco business and a representative of the appliance industry that explain how the paste should be done correctly, obtaining satisfactory drying together with a good care of clothing.
You don't do it...
The question is: What do we do wrong?All.No, that's not true.But many are bad.The Lavaseco New England is 71 years old in the same corner of Ñuñoa - in Sucre with Villaseca - and Lucía Valenzuela, current owner and daughter of the founder of the premises, says that the first problem is that people "do not read the label of clothes".Something that Paula Aliste, owner of Lavandería Castillo agrees, with more than 20 years of ring in Providencia (Eliodoro Yáñez with Pedro de Valdivia).
"Commonly, people don't read them.When you are going to buy a garment, the first thing you have to do is read the label, ”says Aliste.In this way, people can know what kind of care they should have with each garment."There are some, for example, that they say that they cannot be ironed or put in the dryer, or that they cannot be centrifuge or machine washing.".
This Mademsa dryer has, among other things, an anti -wrinkle function that saves the ironing time.
Mademsa 9 kg Blanca Solare 9100
And just as the clothing label is not usually set, there is not much interest in reading the appliance manual.Crassus error.We'll see why.
On the other hand, a classic misunderstanding is to put the washing machine, and then to the dryer, all the dirty clothes, without separating it by the materials with which they are made.The experts say that, according to these are cotton, wool, linen, polyester or other alternatives, different washing and drying conditions will be required.
“People usually mix, for example, towel drying with sports clothes.There is no separation between what takes more and needs a drying with greater temperature, with respect to t -shirts and garments that need less time and temperature, ”says Aliste.
This takes us back to the dryer's manual: to read it, we could find out about the different functions that it has to make a drying according to what the garments require.
"For example, it would not be right to wash and dry in an automatic cotton or synthetic garments program," says Juan Bustos, local Electrolux category category.
You might think that this, in addition to complexing things - what goes against the logic of automating everything - means more washed, more drying and therefore, more energy consumed and higher light account.But Paula Aliste ensures that separating clothing by materials helps energy efficiency and pocket.
Do not overload the dryer
In winter we use more garments and higher density due to low temperatures."One of the mistakes we make is to fill the dryer over the established capacity, making it not work properly and that at the end of the drying the garments are still wet," says Juan Bustos.Do not overload it allows enough space to exist for clothes to rotate inside the drum with ease.
"We must consider that beyond the kilos, it is also a volume issue," says Paula Aliste."You can throw two games of sheets and the machine is going to be filled, but 100 pairs of socks can be put and there will be enough space for good washing and drying".
Another example: a stuffed down - with natural or synthetic fibers - you cannot put any washing machine and dryer.In general, they should not be washed in homemade machines, better take them to a laundry.
Do not put the dryer
The sad image of a shirt leaving completely shrunk from the dryer is related, precisely, with the mismanagement of the garment and the device.And probably, at high temperature and the prolonged time to which the garment was subjected.
The shrink of clothing "mainly in cotton or wool, can happen if the garments are exposed to very extensive drying times, in dryers that do not have moisture sensors," explains Juan Bustos.
This fetas dryer has them, which allows you to automatically adjust the time you need to dry the clothes inside.
Fensa Reverplus 6470 7 kg
Experts say that 100% cotton fabrics shrink with the dryer.Neither the linen nor the wool are fabrics that support the artificial drying, nor the garments that have filling: the jackets are usually easily deteriorated every time they pass through the dryer.In the case of the latter, according to Aliste, "you have to dry at a very low temperature, to extend the useful life".
The rubber, leather, foam and plastic should not go through the dryer, unless you want to liquidate those garments and, perhaps, your appliance.Aliste account, in addition, that lately a lot of clothing of plant origin is being manufactured, which has special care, among which is outdoor drying.
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But what do the dryers do?
According to Juan Bustos, today there are three technologies on which the operation of the dryers is based: ventilation, condensation and those that have a heat pump."The former work through resistances that heat the air, with them the garments are dry and during the process the air is expelled with the residual moisture abroad".Therefore, those of this type must be installed outdoors or indoors with output duct, explains the electrolux man.
Bosch dryer with 9 kg heat pump
Condensation dryers, on the other hand, "have a similar system, but hot air is not sent abroad but goes through an exchanger where moisture is condensed by making it water".
Finally, the third type dryers take advantage of the outer environment air, which they heat by a heat pump and then pass through an evaporator that is responsible for removing moisture.
"The difference between these three technologies is that the heat and condensation pump are more efficient and consume less energy, but its technology makes its initial price higher than ventilation dryers," says Bustos.
Recommendations for winter drying
Temperatures have fallen in recent weeks, so that the cold has been installed in the central area of the country, waiting for winter and rain to arrive.Thus, drying clothes seems a complex task if it is not done through a dryer.Even more for those garments that, as we have seen, are not made to receive the artificial heat of an appliance.
On the other hand, "if you live in an apartment, there is no other than having a dryer, because there is nowhere to hang the clothes," says Lucía Valenzuela.However, despite what you can believe, experts recommend complementing natural drying with the artificial to achieve better and more efficient results.
"We air the clothes first, even if it's cold.You can leave all day drying outside and then put the dryer for a while, ”suggests the owner of the Lavaseco New England.
This can also be very useful with bedding.And outdoor drying can be reinforced with the use of one or more electric fans, although it triggers ice cream, as Paulina does aliste in her laundry.
Juan Bustos advises to always follow the programs available in the dryer.“While you can to some extent mix types of garments, it is not recommended to mix delicate garments.The speed of the drying cycle always depends on the amount of garments and their density.For example, silk and light cotton garments will have a faster drying time than jackets and towels, ”he explains.
In the case of cotton and polyester - two of the most common materials in daily use - Bustos says they are possible to mix, "as long as it is not with delicate garments such as wool, which requires being dried in special programs".
Using the dryer two or more times in a row - considering that the garments must be separated according to their composition - is also a recommended practice, since it allows to take advantage of the heat that remains in the machine from the previous processes, making the following shorter and, with that, making more efficient use of energy.
Finally, cleaning the dryer filter with some frequency is also of the utmost importance for the proper functioning of the appliance.When you do, you can see how much your garments have deteriorated, because the fluff in it are precisely remains of them.
Here are a guide to identify the symbols that can appear on your clothes labels.
In the first row is the bucket, one of the most common symbols.Refers to the type of washing that the garment must have.If this appears crossed out, it means that it cannot be washed in water;If it does not appear, then you can.Now, if the bucket includes a number, it indicates the temperature at which it must be washed.Sometimes, the bucket appears with two lines under it, which means that the garment must be washed with extreme care.
The triangle refers to the use of chlorine.If this appears crossed out, this product should not be used.The square is the drying symbol.If this appears crossed out, then you can't put the dryer.If the square has a circle with a point to the middle, it must be dried at low temperature.If they are two, at average temperature.And three, at high heat.
Sometimes, the square has a line below, which means that it is soft clothes, which needs average drying temperature.If two lines come out under the square, then it requires delicate drying.
In other cases, the square includes lines inside instead of a circle.This means that it must be dried naturally.
The symbols based on a circle indicate that the garment must be washed dry.According to the letter and variations contained in the drawing, the type of product that can be used for these purposes will depend.
The rectangle that has a kind of soap on it, and that appears crossed out, is to warn that the garment should not be squeezed, because the process can deform it and/or break the fabric.
Finally, iron -based symbols indicate whether the garment can receive this treatment and under what conditions.The amount of points that may appear inside it, indicate whether the temperature at which the artifact must be is lower or higher temperature.
*Product prices in this article are updated to June 19, 2021.Values and availability can change.
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